In order to understand traits, the term ‘behaviour’ must first be addressed. The term ‘behaviour’ is used to specify observable actions of an individual, such as the way the individual does things, the speech, the attire, the non-verbal actions, the tonality and the expression of contents. When a person keeps behaving in a similar manner consistently, a pattern is derived, and this pattern is known as a trait. People’s behaviours are typically consistent over long periods of time. The emphasis here must be placed on being ‘typical’, as any person is capable of all emotions and the trick to remain consistent, is to address the ‘typical’ behaviour of the person.

Anyone may act out of character or in a unique manner depending on the situation. Such as John may flare up in office when he is usually a calm and composed person. However, as John had just experienced a breakup with his girlfriend on the same day, he flares up. Anyone who sees John for the first time or does not know him well may mistake him as a violent person. This affects his overall behavioural pattern and acted out of his usual character of being a calm and composed person.




It is important to understand that all traits are neutral, there is no single trait that is better than any other. The difference in usefulness only surface when considering the situation, the role of the person in the situation, the person’s unique personal experiences, and the intensity the person is capable of mustering.

Such as a trainer will suffer if he or she is a person of a few words. Hence, the trainer will have to learn how to break a massive topic into bite-sized ones and what are the key points in each bite-sized pointers and elaborate on them. All without external stimulus to push the trainer to speak up. However, if the person is an accountant, he or she will likely blend in seamlessly. Being a person of a few words has absolutely no negative effect on the job, also, it allows the accountant to concentrate on his or her work. Furthermore, the general perception of an accountant is not a talkative one.

So you can see, having the same trait in different jobs can have a huge difference. There are also other areas whereby having different traits will have different effects. Such as during sales, during confrontations, etc. Remember, never judge a person especially if you only have one point of contact. He or she may stun you in other areas of life or may react better than anyone when the situation arises. 




To make it simple for anyone to understand and utilise traits in a systematically accurate manner, we use a bipolar method. This method was first introduced by reknown psychologist Carl Jung. What bipolar means is a scale of extreme opposites. Such as happy and sad. Both opposites cannot co-exist together. We will be heavily using this concept in Pretics, so for each trait Pretics identifies, there is an either or option.

Take the expression trait for instance, EXPRESSIVE and NON-EXPRESSIVE. An individual may not be EXPRESSIVE yet NON-EXPRESSIVE at the same time. What may be different will be in the form of intensity. David may seem to be NON-EXPRESSIVE at work because he is working as a lab scientist, which does not require much talking but after work, David is a chatterbot. What we can say is David is EXPRESSIVE, but its intensity is not high.

You will learn more about intensity in the intensity section.



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